Canadian Environmental Protection Act

What we examined

The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) is Canada’s principal federal environmental statut

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e. It is intended to protect the environment and

human health by mitigating and managing risks posed by harmful substances. CEPA 1999 and its regulations govern a variety of environmental matters, including toxic substances, cross-border air and water pollution, and waste disposal. The Act also imposes requirements for pollution prevention planning and emergency plans, and it regulates the inter-provincial and international movement of hazardous wastes and recyclable materials.

Environment Canada’s enforcement program is aimed at ensuring that individuals, companies, and government agencies comply with the pollution prevention and conservation goals of environmental and wildlife protection Acts and regulations, including CEPA 1999. The enforcement of CEPA 1999 is carried out by the Department’s Environmental Enforcement Directorate, comprising a national office and five regional offices across Canada whose activities include monitoring and enforcing regulatory compliance.

We examined whether Environment Canada’s enforcement program was well managed to adequately enforce compliance with CEPA 1999. We assessed whether the Department has applied a risk-based approach to plan its enforcement activities and target the greatest threats to human health and the environment; enforced the law in a fair, predictable, and consistent way, as the Act requires; measured the results of its enforcement activities; and acted on identified opportunities for improvement.

Audit work for this chapter was completed on 11 October 2011.

Why it’s important

CEPA 1999 states that the protection of the environment is essential to the well-being of Canadians and that the primary purpose of the Act is to contribute to sustainable development through pollution prevention. According to Environment Canada, environmental laws alone are not enough to guarantee a cleaner, better environment. These laws also need to be enforced. Enforcing CEPA 1999 is therefore an important part of protecting the health of Canadians, biodiversity, and the quality of Canada’s air, soil, and water. According to Environment Canada, enforcement of the law can encourage behavioral changes needed to protect the environment and human health by preventing and managing risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.

The law is a very important one in keeping the peace within the Ontario government in regards to environmental issues and should be regarded when building any new type of structure as it will in some form impact the area around it. If you’d like to read more on the Law, click on the image above.

Canadian Centre for Architecture

The Canadian Centre for Architecture is a museum based around the historical collection of different Architecture related articles.

Although primarily related to building structures, they constantly touch upon many environmental associated topics when it comes to proper buildings and preach preservation of the environment when building various structures.

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They promote research and current event news that relate to environmental issues such as the toxicity of great lakes and the impact of human intervention on nature. They hold many different events for people to view and have had a large sum of scholars come to view and research with the CCA in order to discover various new ways to build with nature in mind across the globe.

Evergreen

Evergreen is a not-for-profit dedicated to making cities flourish that wasevg-logo-eng-rgb established in 1991, their main goal being to create healthier cities that incorporate nature within living spaces.

So far they’ve helped build school grounds, community programs helping on water,housing and transportation issues and creating economical environmentally healthy social work-spaces for people to use on the daily.

Seen below is their Evergreen Brick works Centre, a community centre that was converted from the old Don Valley Brick Works, a heavily used factory that had created over 43 million bricks annually for use in Canada and in 1984 the building was abandoned and eventually Evergreen took a hold of it and created the centre as it is now. It’s open daily and hosts a variety of different activities such as nature based camps, gardening workshops, exhibits, holding conferences and even a weekend Farmers Market.

They offer volunteering options and accept donations and any help that they can get, if you want any news from them you can check out their website by click the evergreen image above.

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Headwaters Tourism

This is where both arctic swans and hungry travelers stop on their way home. Where every creek, barn and chicken has a name. Where the evening brings out warm salamanders, cold craft beers and a billion stars. Where mayors bake pies, streams run under houses, and art lovers, hikers, cyclists and wanderers find heaven.This is Headwaters, a 2,534-square-kilometer quilt of genuine Ontario country. Named for being the source of some of Ontario’s biggest rivers, Headwaters is where rugged nature and refined getaways coexist, as do locals, visitors, and even, some say, ghosts and fairies.While it’s bursting with as much information as our pies are with fresh berries, this website is still just a taste of what’s waiting up here, just 45 minutes north of Toronto. Where the air’s clearer and crisper, because we’re at Ontario’s highest elevation, and the only thing bluer than our sky is our potatoes.logo-print

Their mission is :To integrate tourism into the regional economic development strategies of our partner municipalities, helping to build a robust and thriving tourism industry by working directly with tourism stakeholders across the region.

Headwaters Tourism is the recognized destination marketing organization for the Headwaters region, providing tourism services on behalf of the regional tourism industry and on behalf of our municipal partners in the County of Dufferin and the Towns of Mono, Shelburne, Caledon & Erin. While the organization has evolved over the years, the primary goal is still the same: to work on behalf of and in conjunction with our partners and regional tourism operators to support tourism that is consistent with the region’s rural heritage, respectful of its extraordinary natural environment and that promotes its spirit of community. Headwaters Tourism strongly advocates for regional collaboration in all our undertakings, understanding that an integrated approach allows individual businesses, groups, committees, communities and municipalities to expand their reach and leverage their impact in the marketplace.

to learn more about the headwaters go to the link below:

http://headwatersb2b.ca/

Save The Oak Ridges Moraine (STORM)

The Oak Ridges Moraine is a landform unique to southern Ontario. One of Ontario’s largest moraines, the Oak Ridges Moraine extends 160 kilometres from the Niagara Escarpment in the west to the Trent River system in the east, and is on average 13 kilometres wide. One-hundred-and-fifty metres deep, the moraine stands out as one of the most distinct ormlakelandscapes of southern Ontario. Its height above the flat lands to the north and south, its rolling hills and river and stream valleys and large blocks of mixed forest provide solace and a sense of connection to the people who live, work and play on the moraine, natural and wild habitat for flora and fauna, and untapped recreational opportunities.

to review more about STORM, go to the website below:

http://www.stormcoalition.org/pages/moraine.html

Oak Ridges Moraine Foundation

The Oak Ridges Moraine Foundation (ORMF) is a non-profit organization mandated to preserve and enhance the Oak Ridges Moraine (Moraine). Originally established as a granting agency in 2002 following the implementation of the Provincial Government’s Oak Ridges Moraine Conservation Plan (ORMCP), the ORMF has successfully provided funds to many different partners in support of stewardship, education, research, the Oak Ridges Moraine Trail and land securement projects.

Want more information about the project? here is a link below:

http://www.moraineforlife.org/about/index.php

David Suzuki Foundation

David Suzuki Foundation is a private and non-governmental foundation which is trying to protect the clean water in Canada and other countries. They work to solve issues about, Climate change, health, oceans, wildlife and fresh water. you are able to find many useful information about climate change and many other issues by using their foundation.

For more information follow this link: http://www.davidsuzuki.org/