York Region Environmental Alliance

The YREA is a group focused on bringing awareness to important environmental issues with in the York Region including:

  • Food sources : natural vs toxic
  • Clothing: Was the production of the clothes met fairly
  • Carbon Foot Print: Car and electrical waste
  • Environmental Waste: Pollution, littering and unintentional damage

They also include certain information such as:

  • Giving information on living sustainable lifestyles
  • Ways we interact with the inviroment
  • Toxicity and how to reduce it
  • Promoting healthier lifestyles
  • Projects on improving quality of life within York Region

Although this is a very brief look on what they have to offer, if you’re interested on seeing how you can help the environment and would like more information on York Regions part of doing so, you can follow this link to their website and hopefully find everything you’ll need. They do update regularly and have recent news posted up on their front page.




Nature Aurora


Nature Aurora is a working group of volunteer citizen scientists aimed at protecting, preserving, and enhancing ecologically important wildlife habitats in Aurora, Ontario.

The project pages detail some of the different initiatives that we have worked on or are ongoing, including nest box monitoring, breeding bird studies, storm water pond monitoring, a master plan for the Ivy Jay Community Nature Reserve, and more.

Current Projects :

  • Community Nest Box Monitoring
  • Ivy Jay Community Nature Reserve
  • SwiftWatch(Ontario)
  • Breeding Birds Of Aurora Study
  • Outing and Field Trips

Past Projects :

  • Breeding Birds Of The Oak Ridges Moraine (2010)
  • Town Of Aurora Stormwater Ponds Vegetation and Wildlife Study (2007)
  • Proposal For The Creation Of  A Community Wildlife Park In Aurora (1998)

visit their website to learn more about them and their projects:


Youth Environmental Network of York Region

Youth Environmental Network of York Region, YENYR, is a non-profit YENYRorganization that is composed of young leaders who represent various schools in York Region. It was founded in 2007 by Vino Jeyapalan, a Grade 10 student attending Markville Secondary School in Markham with a purpose of raising awareness environmental issues among youth people in York Region. Different events are held by YENYR, to support environment in York Region, and also project that are fundraised to improve litter and local environmental quality, water and recycling, water and etc., and the region includes the oak ridges moraine, where different types of environmental issues occur and is not very aware to the people. For more information about their partners, projects, achievements and goals, visit the website below.


Research on the moraine

In 1829, John Bigsby conducted the first investigation of the moraine. He noted the elevation, and styled the area Oak Ridge, identifying the portion of moraine north of Toronto. The moraine’s extent was not established until 1863 when William Logan conducted the Geological Survey of Canada.

Taylor formally defined the landform as the Oak Ridges Moraine in 1913. He described its extent to be from King and Maple in the west to the Trent River in the east. He also proposed that its origin was overlapping, interlobate glaciation retreat, between the Lake Ontario Lobe and the older Lake Simcoe Lobe. This has become the accepted explanation for the moraine’s development, through research in the 1970s suggested the moraine may not be interlobate.

Research conducted in the 1990s revealed that the moraine has multiple origins: its eastern area has subglacial depositions (Gorrell and McCrae, 1993); early parts of the moraine were deposited in an esker (Brennand and Shaw, 1994); and that the moraine is not continuous, but is composed of multiple depositional environments: subglacial, ice-marginal and proglacial lacustrine (Barnett et al., 1998).

Current research efforts on the moraine are quite extensive. Because of the political implications of development on the moraine, and because its aquifers are a source of potable water for numerous communities, both federal and provincial governments have invested resources towards research on the moraine. The Geological Survey of Canada and Ontario Geological Survey both investigate hydrostratigraphy and hydrology throughout the moraine.

Palaeo-Indian hunter-gatherers were in this area between 10,000 – 7000 BC. The oldest artifact found in what is now Richmond Hill, Ontario, from these people, was a stone scraper about 40 mm long, at the Mortson Site, near Leslie Street and 19th Avenue. Other artifacts were found in a settlement site on the eastern shore of Lake Wilcox.

Archaic Iroquois artifacts c. 1800 BC have also been found at the Silver Stream site, near the headwaters of the Rouge River on Leslie Street just north of Major Mackenzie Drive, and at the Esox site, on the eastern shore of Lake Wilcox.

Protecting The Oak Ridges Moraine

Consider what an acre of green space, whether covered with forest, wetlands or open meadow does for you; cleaning air, cooling the climate, cleaning and regulating water, protecting you from run-off and erosion, sheltering wildlife, contributing to pollination, providing a space for recreation, dispersal of seeds and several other functions. Now, consider that 90% of the Oak Ridges Moraine is in private ownership. Whose job is it to protect these life-sustaining functions? The task of protection is not just for landowners, but all who enjoy these public benefits. That’s you, and me, and all of us. Legislation to protect the ecological functions and open spaces of the Oak Ridges Moraine is not enough.

To continue your research on how to protect the moraine, go to:


Benefits of the Moraine

One of the Moraine’s most important functions is that it acts as a water recharge and discharge system. Permeable sands and gravel absorb and collect rain and melted snow, which then slowly filter into the deep aquifers, or wet underground layers of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials, below the ground. This groundwater is then used in private and public wells across the Moraine, providing clean drinking water to more than 250,000 people.  It is because of this function that the Moraine is often described as southern Ontario’s rain barrel.

To learn more about the moraine, here is one site that you can go to:



Facts About Oak Ridges Moraine

The Oak Ridges Moraine is a land form unique to southern Ontario. One of Ontario’s largest moraines, the Oak Ridges Moraine extends 160 kilometers from the Niagara Escarpment in the west to the Trent River system in the east, and is on average 13 kilometers wide.

Here is a link below to find out more facts about ORM: