International Joint Commission (IJC)

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The International Joint Commission (IJC) is an international organization created by the Boundary Waters Treaty, signed by Canada and the United States in 1909.

The International Joint Commission prevents and resolves disputes between the United States of America and Canada under the 1909 Boundary Waters Treaty and pursues the common good of both countries as an independent and objective advisor to the two governments.

In particular, the Commission rules upon applications for approval of projects affecting boundary or transboundary waters and may regulate the operation of these projects; it assists the two countries in the protection of the transboundary environment, including the implementation of the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and the improvement of transboundary air quality; and it alerts the governments to emerging issues along the boundary that may give rise to bilateral disputes.

Canada and the United States each appoint three of the six IJC Commissioners, including one chair from each country. The two chairs serve concurrently. The Commissioners are appointed by the highest level of government in each country, but once appointed they do not represent the national governments; they operate at arm’s length. The Commissioners traditionally work by consensus to find solutions that are in the best interest of both countries. The Commissioners are supported by U.S. and Canadian Section offices in Washington, D.C., and Ottawa, Ontario.

The IJC has established more than 20 boards and task forces to help meet its responsibilities along the Canada-U.S. boundary. Board and task force members are drawn equally from both countries and are expected to work in their professional capacities, not as representatives of an organization or region.

Missions and Mandates :

  • Boundary Waters Treaty
  • Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. 2012
  • Rules of Procedures
  • Guiding Principles

Activities :

  • Historical Highlights
  • Dockets
  • Reports and Publications

IJC Team :

  • Commissioners
  • Staff
  • Boards and Task Forces

For more information about IJC, visit http://www.ijc.org.

Canadian Environmental Protection Act

What we examined

The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) is Canada’s principal federal environmental statut

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e. It is intended to protect the environment and

human health by mitigating and managing risks posed by harmful substances. CEPA 1999 and its regulations govern a variety of environmental matters, including toxic substances, cross-border air and water pollution, and waste disposal. The Act also imposes requirements for pollution prevention planning and emergency plans, and it regulates the inter-provincial and international movement of hazardous wastes and recyclable materials.

Environment Canada’s enforcement program is aimed at ensuring that individuals, companies, and government agencies comply with the pollution prevention and conservation goals of environmental and wildlife protection Acts and regulations, including CEPA 1999. The enforcement of CEPA 1999 is carried out by the Department’s Environmental Enforcement Directorate, comprising a national office and five regional offices across Canada whose activities include monitoring and enforcing regulatory compliance.

We examined whether Environment Canada’s enforcement program was well managed to adequately enforce compliance with CEPA 1999. We assessed whether the Department has applied a risk-based approach to plan its enforcement activities and target the greatest threats to human health and the environment; enforced the law in a fair, predictable, and consistent way, as the Act requires; measured the results of its enforcement activities; and acted on identified opportunities for improvement.

Audit work for this chapter was completed on 11 October 2011.

Why it’s important

CEPA 1999 states that the protection of the environment is essential to the well-being of Canadians and that the primary purpose of the Act is to contribute to sustainable development through pollution prevention. According to Environment Canada, environmental laws alone are not enough to guarantee a cleaner, better environment. These laws also need to be enforced. Enforcing CEPA 1999 is therefore an important part of protecting the health of Canadians, biodiversity, and the quality of Canada’s air, soil, and water. According to Environment Canada, enforcement of the law can encourage behavioral changes needed to protect the environment and human health by preventing and managing risks posed by toxic and other harmful substances.

The law is a very important one in keeping the peace within the Ontario government in regards to environmental issues and should be regarded when building any new type of structure as it will in some form impact the area around it. If you’d like to read more on the Law, click on the image above.

Ontario Environment Industries

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Established in 1991, ONEIA is the business association representing the interests of the environment industry in Ontario. Our network of thousands of contacts includes key people at environmental technology, product and service companies, law, investment and insurance firms, institutes, universities and governments. Through their innovation and experience in Ontario and around the world, Ontario’s environment industry provides markeat-driven solutions for society’s most pressing environmental problems.

 

Key stats on Ontario’s Environment Industry (according to Statistics Canada)

  • Includes more than 3,000 environment companies in Ontario

  • Offers world-class technology and environmental services

  • Employs more than 65,000 highly trained people

  • Generates annual revenues in excess of $8 billion

  • Creates exports with a value approaching $1-billion

Leading Edge Innovation

Ontario’s environment industry develops environmentally innovative and economically efficient technologies and management solutions for a wide range of needs.

Advanced solutions for air and water pollution, solid waste, and management of hazardous materials, site remediation and decontamination, and others have been developed and commercialized by Ontario companies.

World-Class Technologies

Ontario’s environment industry offers the world’s best environmental technologies. Whatever the challenge and whatever the need, Ontario’s environment industry can offer a range of solutions that are cost-effective and environmentally sound. From municipal water treatment to the most advanced renewable energy technology, Ontario companies offer solutions that set a world standard.

 

Environment, Government and Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada is one of the few government dedicated sites environemnt-canadathat includes information on a variety of enviromental topics that the government has tied in relations with.

ECCC includes basic information on environmental topics such as pollution, sustainable development, various ecosystems etc. while also including a multitude of different acts and regulations that often protect the environment from human harm.

If you’re looking for the most in depth/ set in stone items regarding the rules and laws of the environment than this website is perfect for finding and understanding them.

Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas Program

The Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas is a project that is held by Ontario Nature that tracks trends of reptiles and amphibians living across the province over time. The goal of Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas Program is to increase the Citizen_Science_Goes_Mobile_Poster_tncollective knowledge of Reptiles and Amphibians. They also seek for volunteers who have deep understanding of reptile and amphibian species for their projects and researches.

Ways To Get Involved :

  • Book a presentation or organize a local survey event in your area.
  • Inquire about potential partnership opportunities including amalgamating existing databases.
  • Join our atlas mailing list to receive conservation and species news.
  • Attend an atlas event or workshop.

 

Oak Ridges Moraine is an environment that exist as a habitat for various types of reptiles and amphibians such as turtles, lizards snakes and etc., and 0 For more information about Ontario Reptile and Amphibian Atlas program, visit the website below.

https://www.ontarionature.org/protect/species/herpetofaunal_atlas.php.

Ontario Greenbelt Alliance

The Ontario Greenbelt Alliance is a watchdog and defender of Ontario’s innovative greenbelt.Image result for Ontario greenbelt alliance

This map above shows Ontario Greenbelt Alliances’ geographic map of Ontario, and places related to greenbelt. The final goal of Ontario Greenbelt Alliance is to preserve good environment that exists in present, and recover the polluted environment by successfully growing a complete greenbelt.

About Ontario Greenbelt Alliance :

  • The Ontario Greenbelt Alliance is a watchdog and defender of Ontario’s innovative Greenbelt. Our vision is to make the Greenbelt a valuable and permanent part of Ontario’s landscape. The Alliance is coordinated by Environmental Defence.

Story of Ontario Greenbelt Alliance:

  • The Greenbelt Alliance was instrumental in establishing the Greenbelt in the lead up to 2005, growing it in the intervening years and making it the largest permanently protected Greenbelt in the world. Its members draw attention to the issues that are affecting the Greenbelt,  support communities and governments in their efforts to protect the Greenbelt for its natural and agricultural values, work together and share information on key regional issues.
  • The Greenbelt is a living, growing system for sustaining a healthy environment and vibrant communities.

For more information about their plans, visit http://www.greenbeltalliance.ca/.

Richmond Hill Water Services

TTown of Richmond Hill Logohe water services in Richmond Hill is managed by a rural government of Richmond Hill. In Richmond Hill website, it allows people to check out information about the water services such as Water Bill, Water Quality and etc.. Oak Ridges Moraine has a very close relationship with water of Richmond Hill, because one of the most important function of Oak Ridges Moraine is as a water recharge/discharge area-sustaining the health of the many watersheds, which originate in the Moraine and directly provides drinking water to over 250,000 people. For more information about water of Richmond Hill Water Services, visit https://www.richmondhill.ca/en/our-services/Water-Services.aspx.